Welcome to Catania, a city of land, sea and fire.
Walking along the main street of the historic center, or via Etnea, it is easy to see and be enchanted by one of the distinguishable features of this metropolis, namely the black lava stone that makes up both the facades of most of the buildings in style baroque that the pavement.
So stop for a moment and look around to admire its unique beauty.
Done? Well, let's continue!
The city is rich in different historical and cultural places of interest: let's see how to visit Catania in 4 hours .
Map in hand, we begin our journey from the heart.
Take a 360-degree turn on yourself to get all the details. To welcome you immediately is the symbol of the city, " u Liotru ", as the people of Catania like to call the statue of the Elephant in lava stone. To its left is the Municipal Palace, a UNESCO heritage site, while to its right you can see Palazzo dei Chierici, the Fontana dell'Amenano, better known as " Water or Linzolu " which introduces to the unmissable Pescheria market, the Diocesan Museum, the Uzeda Gate and the Cathedral.
Declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is named after the holy mistress of the city, Sant'Agata, whose sacred relics are kept in a special chapel dedicated to her. The Cathedral was erected at the behest of Count Ruggero: over time it has undergone numerous modifications due to the numerous earthquakes and eruptions of Etna to which it was subjected. The structure you are admiring dates back to the eighteenth century, and is the work of the architects Girolamo Palazzotto and Giovanni Battista Vaccarini , but within its walls it is possible to see the nine centuries of history.
Do not miss the tomb of the famous catanese composer Vincenzo Bellini , located & nbsp; at the second pillar on the right; & nbsp; the fresco, placed in the sacristy, in which the eruption of the Etna of 1669, where we see the lava flow that submerges the city and the Ursino Castle; & nbsp; the remains of Cardinal Giuseppe Benedetto Dusmet laid under the altar of the Virgin, & nbsp; and the Achillian baths on right of the external entrance that opens onto the square.
Greek Roman Theater
Surrounded and hidden by nineteenth-century buildings, almost like a rare pearl, it is located at number 266 of Via Vittorio Emanuele. Initially it was erected on a pre-existing Greek-era theater of which today there are no more remains, while its present appearance dates back to the Roman age (II century AD). Of the Roman theater, about 80 meters in diameter and with a capacity of 7000 spectators, today you can still admire the Odeon, the cavea, the orchestra and some parts of the scene. The space in front is submerged by the Amenano river , which flows in the basement.
Piazza San Francesco d'Assisi
To welcome you at the center of the square is the imposing statue of Cardinal Giuseppe Benedetto Dusmet, created by the sculptor Silvestro Cuffaro where the majestic Church of San Francesco d'Assisi all'Immacolata also faces. Opposite the church stands the Gravina Cruyllas Palace, where Vincenzo Bellini lived, now home to the Bellini Civic Museum and the Emilio Greco Museum.
Walking along the road that runs along the Church, you will be able to admire the arch of San Benedetto which leads into one of the most beautiful and suggestive streets of Catania, Via Crociferi, the scene of several films, including "Life of a Blackcap" by Franco Zeffirelli, and where the cloistered nuns still live here.
Turn around its walls: it will leave you surprised to know that before, right where you are walking now, it was surrounded by the sea. The various eruptions have changed its appearance.
The Ursino Castle stands in all its splendor on Piazza Federico II , which required its construction, which was carried out between 1239 and 1250 by architect Riccardo da Lentini strong>. Become a Civic Museum in 1934, it is an important half for many scholars, archaeologists, historians and restorers. Inside are enclosed various collections including a very rich art gallery, numerous archaeological finds dating back to Roman and Hellenistic times, Greek vases, prints, engravings and much more. & Nbsp;
It takes its name from the noble lineage of a viceroy of Sicily, Juan Francisco Pacheco Téllez-Giròn , and was commissioned by the Duke of Camastrata in 1696. La Porta, opened on the walls of Charles V, it was built on the stretch that overlooked the Sea, or the Bastion of Sant'Agata, and would have become part of the urban living room along with the rest of the buildings with a baroque character that would have arisen later. Cross it: on the one hand you will be placed on Villa Pacini, part of the fish market and the city walls, on the other you will see the splendor of Piazza Duomo in front of you.
This is the name given to the & nbsp; of the University Building, seat of the Rectorate of the University, built in 1696 together with the square itself. Turning to the east side you will see the San Giuliano palace, built only later, in 1738 for the Paternò Castello marquises of San Giuliano.
But get close to observing the four bronze candlesticks, made in 1957 by the Catania sculptors Mimì Maria Lazzaro and Domenico Tudisco, because each of them tells a legend of four characters dear to the Catanese who are G < strong> ammazita, the brothers Pili, Colapesce and the paladin Uzeda .
Piazza Vincenzo Bellini
You are in one of the most beautiful squares of the Catania baroque living room, where the Massimo Bellini Theater is located, the representative center of the Catania opera. It is also the heart of the city's nightlife, where in the evening you can find places to eat or have a drink.
At the center is the Fountain of the Dolphins , designed by the architect Giovanni Battista Vaccarini, made of white stone placed on three steps.
The position of the planters and benches, the work of a 15-month restoration that ended in 2007, follows a play of symmetries that make both the public space of the square, and that of the two entrance streets, pleasant and welcoming . p>
Four Songs & nbsp;
Inspired by the model of the four Palermo Songs, they arise from the intersection of two main arteries of the city: the main and elegant via Etnea and the representative via San Giuliano. Looking at the 4 corners you will notice the four noble palaces, also in the Baroque style, symbol of the eighteenth-century revival of Catania and so arranged: to the north-east is the Palazzo del Duca dei Carcaci, to the north-west the Palazzo San Demetrio of Baron Eusebio Massa , to the south-east we have the San Giuliano palace of the marquises Paternò Castello, and finally to the south-west we find the Convent of Santa Nicolella. If you turn to the east instead, you can see the part of Via San Giuliano that rises on the hill of Montevergine, called by the people of Catania as " acchianata di Sangiuliano ", that is the ascent of San Giuliano, which represents one of the most significant features of the Feast of the Patron Saint.
But you must know that the four Cantos were also protagonists of an important historical event: it is in fact from one of those palaces that, on 18 August 1862, Giuseppe Garibaldi appeared by saying the famous farse "< em> O Rome or death ".
You are in one of the main and most crowded squares of Catania, whose name derives from an ancient Greek Sicilian poet. The square, with its rectangular shape, is divided by the passage of the Via Etnea which thus forms two sections, with a different architectural style. In the eastern part, in fact, you can admire the 15-meter monument, made of white marble by the sculptor Alessandrino Greco Monteverde, depicting one of the most illustrious Catanese musicians, Vincenzo Bellini. At the base are the four statues depicting the most successful works by Bellini: The Puritans, Norma, The Pirate and the Sleepwalker . Behind the monument you will notice the entrance of the ancient city market, known as " fera o 'luni ".
On the west side of the square, you will surely see a section of the Roman Amphitheater , probably dating back to the 2nd century AD and brought to light in the early twentieth century. & nbsp;
The square is finally surrounded by important buildings including, the Church of San Biagio known as the Church of Sant'Agata alla Fornace, the Palazzo della Borsa of the Fascist era, the Beneventano palace, which became the historic headquarters of the Banco di Sicilia, and finally the Palazzo Toscano (to the north) and the Palazzo Tezzano (to the east). & nbsp;
It is the oldest green area in the city. The main entrance is in Via Etnea: here it is possible to access through a staircase that leads to a square with a large fountain in the center, where it was once possible to admire the swans, and subsequently the geese, swimming undisturbed. On the hill above the large pool, you will notice a clock and a calendar that is regularly modified by gardeners every day.
On the top of the southern hill there is a wrought-iron cloister, where even today it is possible to listen to concerts or sit for a moment to enjoy the surrounding landscape. If you are lucky, you can also admire Mount Etna from there.
Along the secondary avenues it is possible to admire aviaries, statues basins and fountains. In the south west there is the avenue of illustrious men where, among the many busts present, you will certainly recognize some of the main glories of Catania and Italy.
Posted in Itineraries